There are 196 countries in the world, or rather that are recognized as sovereign states. As we shall see, there are many others that don’t make the list, and we will list reasons as to why.
Taiwan is not officially considered a country, even though it successfully met the requirements to be regarded as a nation on its own. It is in the list of 196, and its exclusion from the countries’ list is because many other countries (led by the U.S. and China) don’t recognize it as so. China considers Taiwan as another province in its vast geographical boundaries. This particular issues has been a thorn in the flesh of outside countries, because they have had to sever ties with Taiwan in order to maintain relations with China. However, this hasn’t stopped 100 or so other nations from maintaining unofficial relations with Taiwan.